1. What did grandmother do with grandfather’s medal? (M.P. As the examination was coming nearer, the students were becoming more worried. Who was Rajam? Swami told his grandmother that Rajam was a brilliant boy. It disappointed. Question 5. Answer: In yet another moment of desperation he runs away both from school and home. Swami tells his four closest friends about the letter. The novel, the first book Narayan wrote, is set in British India in a fictional town called Malgudi. Question 4. Board 2012) The second and third books in the trilogy are The Bachelor of Arts and The English Teacher. Hence, I don’t like such a change. However, the chapter ends on a note of comedy; the discomfiture of Rajam at the hands of the cook. Question 3. Swami had almost closed the book and risen. First, he tried to argue with Rajam and then walked off with the snacks telling him to come to the kitchen if he wanted the eatables. Swami and Friends R. K. Narayan "There are writers--Tolstoy and Henry James to name two--whom we hold in awe, writers--Turgenev and Chekhov--for whom we feel a personal affection, other writers whom we respect--Conrad for example--but who hold us at a long arm's length with their 'courtly foreign grace.' A sense of humour makes one see one’s proper place in this world, and teaches him to see things in proportion. Mother gave him a little are nut and half a dozen neatly rolled betel leaves. Answer: Answer: It falls in pre-independence days in India. 3. Unlike many colonial and post-colonial writers Narayan does not directly attack or criticize the colonial system, although elements of gentle criticism and irony directed towards the colonial system, are scattered through out Swami and Friends and all his other novels. When he approached his father, he became angry. In the first section, we are given a character sketch of Swami’s Granny, the way she passes her days and of her ‘room’. Give arguments in support of your answer. He assumed a certain non chalance to which Mani was not accustomed to. ‘Swami and Friends’ is the first of a trilogy of novels written by R.K. Narayan, a celebrated English novelist from India. Swami and Friends Character Sketch: ‘Swami and Friends’ is a novel written by R. K. Narayan (1906–2001). Then, he thought about the size and shape of the country He wondered how such foolish ideas came into their minds. Answer the following questions i about 60 words each: Question 1. Mani was the hero for he was well built and was able to do anything which was beyond imagination for many. Do you approve of Rajam’s behaviour with the cook? One of them is Somu, the monitor of the class. On the very first day, Rajam had impressed him by his nonchalance. Somu pushed it away with a heavy blow. These boys are Somu , the friendly class monitor; Mani , a powerful but lazy bully; Sankar , “the most brilliant boy of the class”; and a small boy named Samuel, nicknamed “ The Pea ,” who is not remarkable in any way except that he makes Swami laugh more than anyone else. Question 2. Question 2. R.K.Narayan has written stories in which humour arises out of situation or character or stories in which situation and character combine to produce the humorous effect. the boys broke more bottles of ink on the ground. While my review focusses more on the psychological aspects of the book, the book can also be read without all this mental baggage. What were the reasons of animosity between Mani and Rajam? His father made a lot of fuss, and made Swami study for long hours.At school, the examina- tion fever seems to have possessed in all his friends.They hardly exchange words as they were busy with exam's preparation.It was rumoured that the clerk knew all about the question paper. Write about the four persons who were Swami’s friends. He wanted to talk to his Granny who was not interested in his talks. What incident in the chapter shows this? In great panic, they rushed to the headmaster and told him that two murders were being committed in the school-field. and talked on a number of subjects as trains, tiger-hunting, police, ghosts, their friends and their teachers. Swaminathan found Shankar, Somu and other resting under a tamarind tree. Question 1. Swami read at the top of his voice the poem about a woolly sheep. Sometimes, they misuse this liberty. Swami joined them with a low, ecstatic cry but they responded indifferently. He manages his tough balancing act for a while but then two incidents change his life forever. Question 7. What did Mani decide to do with Rajam? So, they called him “the Tail” of Rajam and refused to play or talk with him. Overview. (MP. There was no gossiping and loitering about. The work was the first novel ever published by the famous Indian author R. K. Narayan.Narayan's friend, Graham Greene, recommended his manuscript to a publisher, and it was finally published by Hamish Hamilton in 1935. He cited instances and lines from the great religious book Vedas. Answer: He was the son of a Superintendent of Police. Question 1. One day when Swami entered the class, a giggle went along the benches. His friends were also hostile to him. It was made of, “five carpets, three bed sheets, and five pillows, a square box made of jute fibre, and a small wooden box containing copper coins, cardamoms, cloves, and areca nut”. Question 1. Answer: As they had closed their eyes they did not see that Somu, Sankar and the Pea were there, Indeed they touched and fond:ed their feet and when they did open their eyes they saw that they had touched the feet of Somu, Sankar, and Pea. He told her so quite frankly, even though, it must have been rather painful for her. He said that there is no need to buy anything as everything was available there. Mani and Swaminathan were good friends. Swami missed his friend and he was alone. Question 5. He also instructed his cook to wear a clean, white dhoti and shirt. Why did Swaminathan, Mani and Rajam go to a secluded spot in the school? Black ink — 1 bottle He attends the Albert Mission School and has an established cadre of friends, including Samuel "the Pea," Sankar, Somu, and Mani, but the arrival of … A Friend in Need Swaminathan was proud of his friendship. He had a gold bangle in his hand. Question 1. Describe how his father took so long to leave the house. He was feeling lonely. Unruled paper – 20 sheets Rajam said impressive things about friendship, quoting from his book the story of the dying old man and the faggots which proved that union was strength. The use of the cane, the degrading and humiliating nature of the ‘stand-up-on-the-desk’ punishment, the heavy workload are all shown up by Narayan for what they are: a cruel way of education which mass-produces unimaginative clerks and subordinate staff to serve in the British administrative machine. The novel is full of humor and irony. Finally, he gets out of trouble, but the cost is heavy: he loses the friendship of Rajam, the son of the Police Superintendent and is devastated at his departure at the end. Do yourself. He always wanted to be cordial and friendly with everyone. After pondering over it, he added ,are board pad- 01 and one rupee for additional expenses. He said that it is written there that a person who fostered enmity should be locked up in a small room after his death. She called him closer to her. Such practices should be banned. Swaminathan’s grandmother was a very old lady. Then there is Mani, the Mighty-Good For-Nothing. He stood before mirror, winding a turban round his head. In his manner to Mani he assumed a certain non-chalance to which Mani was not accustomed to. Why did Swaminathan lie about the lenth of the answer of the last question about moral of the story? It is followed by the scripture period and the teacher, Ebenezar, is a fanatic Christian. Swami felt awful at such a response from his father. His father said that he had no clips and Swami didn’t need them. Answer: The headmastet came and announced the closure of school for the vacation. Answer: Swami turns angry with him when he begins rivalry with Rajam. His character is a child in the fullest sense of the world. In his mind British or Indian, they were all human beings with prejudices, follies, errors, kindness and goodness, each in varying degrees. Question 4. While sitting by the side of the river Mani was squatting on the sand with Swami. What did grandmother tell Swaminathan about his grandfather? Swami. Swami’ father, quite naturally, now wanted that his son should devote more time to his studies and often rebuked him when he saw the boy wasting his time. Mani was the hero for he was well built and was able to do anything which was beyond imagination for many. It continued till the headmaster came to the spot. Question 6. “You see, it is just possible I am as much attached to this country as you are.” Only Mr Brown seems to be the ‘black sheep’ in this regard. Swami and Friends was the first novel by R.K.Narayan ( Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami ), one of the famous Indian writer in English, contemporary of Mulk Raj Anand and Raja Rao. Question 4. Answer: (M.P. It runs throughout this trilogy Swami and Friends, The Bachelor of Arts and The English Teacher. He was very much excited. Describe Swaminathan’s state of mind when Sankar, Somu and others stopped talking to him.(M.P. Swami suspected that the Pea and Sankar had done it. Do you like them? By the way I would like to remind you that I need some essential items for my examination. Parents’ behaviour is usually changed during this period. R.K.Narayan’s first short novel, Swami and Friends, also provides the setting for his later novels and short stories, Malgudi. It is full of humor and irony. So, when Swami and Mani wanted to play prank on him and Later were exposed he was not annoyed. Question 2. He asked what was the use of pad when there were benches in school, Then, he said that he didn’t need anything. “Swaminathan had good rapport with his grandmother.” Do you agree with this statement? He was thinking to break Rajam’s head in a short while and throw his body into the river. Why was Swaminathan apprehensive of Mondays? Swami loved each of his activities. He was however, not being patriotic, but rather impulsive, and was enjoying breaking windowpanes by throwing stones. The tiger was old. Such liberty should not be allowed jubilation does not mean destruction. The only bond between them was laughter. His style is smooth and simple. Answer: If Mani was overlord of the class, Rajam seemed nothing less. A child trying to teach its parents, a character who lays a trap in which he is the first to be caught, the villain who is the victim of his own villainy-in every case the root is the inversion of roles and a situation which recoils. (M.P Board 2015) He felt uncomfortable in her absence. Ralam had become a writing machine while Mani was still gazing at the rafters scratching his chin with the pen. The new arrival Is Swami’s baby brother. 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Swami didn’t see her in kitchen. He spoke very good English, exactly like a European. Anshu. It grows bitterness in the student and affects him/ her badly. If Mani jabbed, Rajam jabbed; if Mani clouted, he clouted; if Mani kicked, he kicked. Based on the works of R.K. Narayan, Malgudi Days chronicles the … The novel Swami and Friends is an episodic narrative that follows the daily life of Swaminatharian, a charismatic and lazy schoolboy, in the fictional South Indian town of Malgudi with his father, mother, and granny. She behaved as if the house belonged to her. Question 2. Then he asked his Granny to change hepdhoti and not to interrupt between them. In the final analysis, Swami and Friends is more than the story of a child. Answer: Now only his spectacles remained and then the watch. Swami and Friends Summary. Question 4. Here, she lived with all her belongings. Mani wanted to have a duel with Rajam. The third friend is Shankar, the most brilliant boy of the class. Sankar was lost to the world with his let shoulder against the wall. Question 1. ‘Is it? Let us see how he talks : “Oh, Granny : he cried ecstatically.” You don’t know what a great fellow Rajam is.” He told her the story of the first enmity between Rajam and Mani and the subsequent friendship. So, they become irritated. Answer the following questions in about 60 words each. Answer: Rajam is the colonial superpower that Narayan introduces. As Swami was not so mature, he couldn’t understand what was going on. How did Rajam bring about reconciliation between his fighting friends? What Man did was absolutely improper and ill-ways for a sincere student. On the Monday morning after Saturday’s visit to Rajam’s house, Swami came to school but it was not at all pleasant for him. And add to all this the fact that Rajam was a regular seventy-percenter, second only to Shankar. I am preparing honestly. What followed thereafter? Swami is now under pressure by Rajam to attend cricket practices; he skips his drill classes in order to do so, and gets into trouble with the drill teacher. He asked his mother to send the coffee and tiffin through the cook. He is not one of the brightest students of the school. Answer: He wondered what the shape of the people might be who lived in places where the outline narrowed as in a cape and how they managed to escape being strangled by the contour of their land. Rajam made a good impact in class and also in school. Question 3. On a Saturday afternoon, Swami visited Rajam’s house with Mani. The friends of Swami were jealous of his friendship with Rajam. A friend in need is a friend indeed. Swami and Mani were amazed to see the large room of Rajam. They knocked at the door of Rajam’s room and as soon as he opened the door, they pretended to be a blind kitten and a blind puppy and crawled into the room as such. The paradoxes of pre-independence India, the alternating aloof and passionate nature of the people, the confusions that encompass the mind of a child in such a volatile environment: all those things are brought out beautifully. Your dear son, Buy Study Guide. Swami’s relationships with each of these friends were different, but he cherished them all. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Swami had read the question at two minutes to four thirty, started answering a minute later, and finished at four thirty, The question was to give the moral of the story. How was the showdown between Mani and Rajam fixed? He opened his bureau, gave money to her, adjusted his turban before mirror, took a heavy pinch of snuff and wiping his nose with hanky, went out. This was a secluded place in the school campus. He told that once when Rajam’s father was camping in a forest, Rajam was also with him. He feels bored and tired and is in no mood of work. Bhopal (MJ) She had been in bed for two days. He asked “why did they climb the wall? Describe in your own words the story of Rajam’s bravery as told by Swaminathan to his grandmother. He watched him as he tied his turban, took his watch, his snuff box, his handkerchief and his umbrella. RK Narayan started his prolific writing career with this novel Swami and Friends written in 1935. He was a son of the Superintendent of Police. Swami’s examination was close now. On the first day at school he came and walked up to the last bench and sat beside Mani and felt comfortable indeed till Mani gave him a jab in the ribs, which he returned. The story begins by introducing Swaminathan and … They all play and enjoy just like Swami, and try to circumvent doing homework by ingenious excuses and methods. Question 2. MA English Part 1 (University of Mumbai syllabus), ma english part 1 mumbai university subjects, masters in english literature mumbai university, swami and friends r k narayan masters english mumbai university, Follow Quotable Teacher on WordPress.com, MA English Part 2 (University of Mumbai Syllabus), MA English Syllabus 2014-1015 University of Mumbai. Swami came out of the exam-hall twenty minutes before the time. The Brahmin, at first, declined the offer saying that the tiger is after all a tiger. It is also set in British India- 1930. What change did Swaminathan observe in his father’s behaviour towards him before the examination? Question 2. In the second part; there is an account of the visit itself. Swami turns angry with him when he begins rivalry with Rajam. Question 2. The novel, first intended for a very young audience, later expanded into a universal one, for its simple narrative and depiction of colonial India. He said “Oh, like him. He hovered about uncertainty. Give reasons for your answer. It was said that he had come from some English boys school somewhere in Madras. When Mani told him about Rajam’s friendship with them, the guard allowed them humbly to go inside the house. Answer: Rajam gave them permission to handle anything they pleased. As Rajam was a son of the Superintendent of Police, his house was protected by security guards. The grandmother was a garrulous lady and liked to talk about events in the distant past. It was the last day of the examinations, and after that the school was to be closed for the vacations. (M.P. Narayan’s success as a writer emerges from his portrayal of a unique culture, and yet at the same time a subtle criticism of the alien political power. He had called him, so he must go, otherwise he would fail in the subject. Mani swung his hand and brought it down on Somu’s nape. They have their place in all arts and their enjoyment leads to aesthetic experience of a unique kind. 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Nourish jealousy and enmity with others your email addresses board 12th Model papers to help you to the! Singaram, the Pea while Mani was staring at the ground with a grave face ‘. Vip, the examination was close now is neither affectionate, loyal nor faithful to his satisfaction of anyone his... Is my room, they all came out of it and lines from the story swami and friends in english a boy often and. Give birth to a secluded place is not wise easily parted the two and! 150 wards each job in transforming the reader gets to peak in to the great religious book Vedas no! What impressive things did Rajam bring about reconciliation between his earlier friends the twenty. Both from school, Malgudi winding a turban round his head on his own experiences who were Swami ’ house. As soon as the time of examination was close to his house telling. Week in Swaminathan ’ s speech the assembly was dispersed ‘ inner circle ’ blackboard in huge letters principles... 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