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allium sativum description

Description: Garlic is the fresh bulb of Allium sativum, which is related to the lily family (Liliaceae). The leaf blade is flat, linear, solid, and approximately 1.25–2.5 cm (0.5–1.0 in) wide, with an acute apex. Hardneck varieties come in three different types: Rocambole, Poreclain and Purple Stripe. Learn about the chemistry of garlic and why it causes bad breath and is good for health. Allium_sativum_Woodwill_1793.jpg ‎ (263 × 435 pixels, file size: 56 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons . Several are important food crops, including the onion (Allium cepa), garlic (A. sativum), chive (A. schoenoprasum), and leek (A. porrum), and some are cultivated as ornamental border plants. Species Plantarum.Tomus I: 296. Allium sativum is further divided into two subspecies, A. sativum var. AMINOACID (+)-L-Alliin analytical standard provided with w/w absolute assay, to be used for quantitative titration. It grows to about 15-18 inches tall and has flat leaves much like leek. Allium sativum is a functional food well-known for its immunomodulatory, antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, antimutagenic, antitumor properties. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a well-recognized food flavoring but it is also a commonly used botanical dietary supplement. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Allium sativum, commonly called garlic, is a bulbous perennial of the onion family. Allium sativum var. The spherical flower cluster is initially enclosed in a pair of papery tapered bracts; the bracts split open when the green-white or pinkish flowers bloom. Often the bulb contains 10 to 20 cloves that are as… Allium sativum var. Garlic comes in two varieties: hardneck (designated as Allium sativum var. English name Garlic ; French name Ail (+)-L-Alliin. The beneficial health effects of garlic are well … sativum. Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a common spice with many health benefits, mainly due to its diverse bioactivecompounds, suchasorganicsulfides, saponins, phenoliccompounds, andpolysaccharides[1–3]. Known for its pungent odour, garlic has been used as both a food and a medicine in many cultures for … Description. This herb is … Arterial hypotension begins usually in 30 to 45 … Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a well-recognized food flavoring but it is also a commonly used botanical dietary supplement. Description. DESCRIPTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ALLIUM SATIVUM Allium sativum (garlic) is a bulbous perennial plant of the lily family (liliaceae) and is a close relative to own the plants have flat green leaves which … Garlic (Allium sativum) is used as a tincture, oil and in food for upper respiratory infections and for the treatment of hypertension.To explore the characteristics, medicinal uses and prescribing considerations of this herb in more detail, check out the references indicated. In very cold winters, the bulblets may not survive. Binnen deze twee variëteiten bestaan weer verschillende rassen. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Garlic plants grow about 60 cm (2 feet) tall. Allium sativum, commonly called garlic, is a bulbous perennial of the onion family. Share. Going from Allium sativum down, it can be seen all the different groups that Allium sativum … Leaves are simple, long, flat and linear. 0. Softneck varieties do not produce a seed stalk. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand … Allium sativum var. The bulb is covered with membranous skin and encloses up to 20 edible bulblets called cloves. sativum). This article was most recently revised and updated by. Corrections? Cooperative … Softneck plants are also braidable (bulbs can be braided together into attractive chains by weaving the soft grass-like tops together). The leaf blade is flat, linear, solid, and approximately wide, with an acute apex. Allium sativum. Garlic, (Allium sativum), perennial plant of the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), grown for its flavourful bulbs. Allium sativum sativum. It is scapigerous foetid perennial herb with underground bulbs. Allium cepa. Description of the herbal substance(s), herbal preparation(s) or combinations thereof The aim of this report is to assess the non-clinical and clinical data available on Allium sativum … Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives. Garlic (Allium sativum) is among the oldest of all cultivated plants. Allium sativum (garlic) is a bulbous perennial plant of the lily family (liliaceae) and is a close relative to own the plants have flat green leaves which can grow up to two feet. Description. Above is a phylogenetic tree for Allium sativum and it is based on the morphological and genetic classifications of the organisms. All-s. Simplexes are available as 100 sweet sucrose pills per vial (lactose and gluten free), … The plant divides, forming in … Geographic subdivisions for Allium sativum: DSon (Imperial Valley) MAP CONTROLS 1. Garlic (Allium sativum) is used as a tincture, oil and in food for upper respiratory infections and for the treatment of hypertension.To explore the characteristics, medicinal uses and prescribing … Twitter. Colitis, with pathological flora. Assessment report on Allium sativum L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 Page 4/90 1. The skin of the A.sativum bulb encloses up to 20edible bulblets called cloves. Allium sativum Clear all OK Previous. Garlic, (Allium sativum), perennial plant of the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae), grown for its flavourful bulbs. 2. Knoflook (Allium sativum) is een plant uit de narcisfamilie (Amaryllidaceae). By. Bawang or Garlic with scientific name Allium sativum, is a low herb, which only grows up to sixty centimeters high.Its leaves are flat and linear, with bulbs that consist of several tubers. Foliage consists of aromatic, linear, flattened, grass-like green leaves. Flowers range from pink to white, clustered together in a similar fashion and… They are more productive and have a longer storage life of about 6-8 months. sativum. In some varieties, a central scape topped by an umbel of pinkish-white flowers rises from each clump of leaves to 18” tall in summer. Arterial hypotension begins usually in 30 to 45 minutes after twenty to forty drops of the tincture. In the St. Louis area, bulblets (cloves) are best planted in fall but need the protection of a good winter mulch (e.g., straw). Allium Sativum quantity. Allium sativum. Has vaso-dilatory properties. Foliage consists of aromatic, linear, flattened, grass-like green leaves. Description of the herbal substance(s), herbal preparation(s) or combinations thereof The aim of this report is to assess the non -clinical and clinical data available on Allium sa tivum for preparing a European Union herbal monograph. Plant bulblets 2” deep and 6" apart with the pointed end up in rows 1-2' apart. Hardneck varieties typically produce a flower stalk, with flowers giving way to a seed cap. Description: Garlic is cultivated all over the country as a spice plant. Code : #7253 S 10 mg ; Formula : C₆H₁₁NO₃S ; MSDS (6) - … Allium sativum . A classification of Allium sativum into 4 groups has been proposed by Maass & Klaas (1995), based on morpho-physiological characteristics as well as phylogenetic analysis on the basis of biochemical and DNA markers: Sativum Group, Ophioscorodon Group, Longicuspis Group and Subtropical Group. They stem from the bulb (cloves encased in papery white skin) which roots the plant into soil. Allium Sativum acts directly on intestinal mucous membrane increasing peristalsis. Facebook. Gebruik They produce bulbs with smaller but more numerous cloves than hardneck garlic plants. Each bulb typically contains 12-20 cloves. Allium sativum var. Assessment report on Allium sativum L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 Page 4/75 1. SKU: All-sP6C Categories: Simplex, Simplex-A. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The generic name Allium is the Latin word for garlic, and the type species for the genus is Allium sativum which means "cultivated garlic". Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. When garlic plant bloom, the plant send up slender stalks which produce edible flowers (James, 1999). The plant is native to central Asia but grows wild in Italy and southern France and is a classic ingredient in many national cuisines. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. References []. In deze groep zijn twee subgroepen, artichoke en silverskin. Garlic is usually grown as an annual crop and is propagated by planting cloves or top bulbils, though seeds can be also be used. Its … Chives (Allium schoenoprasum). Description: Garlic is cultivated … Along with Allium sativum, three other organisms from the same genus are listed. Garlic contains about 0.1 percent essential oil, the principal components of which are diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, and allyl propyl disulfide. It is native to the Mediterranean area. sativum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Softneck varieties come in two different types: Silverskin and Artichoke.Genus name comes from the classical Latin name for garlic.Specific epithet means cultivated. ... Garlic, Allium sativum is not known from the wild but probably was derived from Allium longicuspis, which is native to central Asia. Geographic subdivisions for Allium sativum: DSon (Imperial Valley) MAP CONTROLS 1. pharmacognosy. Fall plantings generally produce larger bulbs for harvest. Allium sativum is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb, it has a tall, erect flowering stem that grows up to . The plant may produce pink to purple flowers from July to September in the Northern Hemisphere. Deze groep vormen wel bloemstengels met een bloemknop en worden hardneck genoemd. Potential insect pests include nematodes, thrips, bulb mites, onion maggots and wireworms. Allium sativum is suggested as a beneficial preventive measure before being infected with SARS‐CoV‐2 virus. . 1137. Omissions? Read more about the prescription drug GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) - … There are two types of garlic; hardneck and softneck. Allium species are found in most regions of the world except the tropics and New Zealand and Australia. 2. Plants that fill a similar niche: Allium sativum var. Allium sativum use to be a very abundant source of food and medicine in central Asia when it was wild. Reference page. The plant is native to central Asia but grows wild in Italy and southern France and is a classic … Allium sativum Common name(s): Garlic, Poor Man’s Penicillin, Poor Man’s Treacle. Its antiviral efficiency was also demonstrated. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Allium ampeloprasum. Hardneck varieties produce flower stalks and tend not to store well and may develop roots or start to dry out with a few months after harvest. The beneficial health effects of garlic are well documented, including its reduction of blood clotting that is observed at high concentrations ( Berginc and Kristl, 2013; Piscitelli et al., 2002 ). ophioscorodon, also known as hardneck garlic. Consumer information about the medication GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) - ORAL, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Allium sativum is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb, it has a tall, erect flowering stem that grows up to 1 m (3 ft). High livers. The plant is used in traditional and folk medicine in many places, and there is some evidence that it may help prevent heart disease. Root/bulb rot may occur in wet, poorly-drained soils. The plant may produce pink to purple flowers from July to September in the Northern Hemisphere. Garlic (Allium sativum) is a very powerful medicinal plant (or, more accurately, a functional food) that is often underestimated. sativum, also known as softneck garlic, and Allium sativum var. Pinterest. Garlic is commonly consumed and has a long history of being utilized as … Allium sativum ophioscorodon. Adapted to fleshy subjects with dyspepsia and catarrhal affections. Allium Sativum acts directly on intestinal mucous membrane increasing peristalsis. Allium sativum is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb, it has a tall, erect flowering stem that grows up to . Updates? Harvest in late summer after most of the leaves have turned yellow-brown and begin to fall over. Softneck garlic varieties are the ones most often commonly sold in supermarkets because they typically have a much longer shelf life than hardnecks. USDA Agricultural Research Service - The origins and distribution of garlic: How many garlics are there? Value Class Food … The bulb (the only part eaten) is of a compound nature, consisting of numerous bulblets, known technically as 'cloves,' grouped together between the membraneous scales and enclosed within a whitish skin, which holds them as in a sac. Allium sativum is suggested as a beneficial preventive measure before being infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. ophioscorodon) and softneck (designated as Allium sativum var. Deze groep vormt geen bloeiwijze en wordt ook wel softneck genoemd. Description of the herbal substance(s), herbal preparation(s) or combinations thereof The aim of this report is to assess the non-clinical and clinical data available on Allium sativum for preparing a European Union herbal monograph. The bulb is odoriferous and contains outer layers of thin sheathing leaves surrounding an inner sheath that encloses the clove. Plant family: Chemical constituents: Botany/description: The leaves are long, narrow, and flat, like grass. Assessment report on Allium sativum L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 Page 4/90 1. Aantasting door het stengelaaltje. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Allium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Tracey Slotta. De plant heeft tot 60 cm lange, platte bladeren en bloeit in de zomer met een wit-groene tot roze bolvormige bloeiwijze. ophioscorodon is often confused with: Allium sativum var. Shallots are … Allium sativum Linn. Allium sativum is a BULB growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Garlic is a member of the onion family. Rasona, Garlic (Allium Sativum) Description of Plant. The bulbs have a powerful onionlike aroma and pungent taste and are not usually eaten raw. Being aphrodisiac in nature this herb helps to improve the libido and enhances sexual desire. By contrast, softneck garlic plants typically do not produce a flower stalk. WhatsApp. View details and images of Allium species Bulbs, seeds, leaves and roots of Allium sativum are held in … Grow in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Flowers are small, white in rounded umbels mixed with small bulbils. ... Allium sativum L. – cultivated garlic Subordinate Taxa. Details, including images, of other Allium species can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue. Botanical Description Other members of the onion genus, Allium, include A. cepa (onion), A. schoenoprasum (chives), A. ascalonicum (shallots), and A. porrum (leeks). It has since been domesticated and grown around the world for its properties as Allium sativum: garlic ( gar -lik) , Alli sativa bulbus (trade name), Allium sativum (trade name) Classification Therapeutic: lipid lowering agents Oral: Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular disease prevention, colorectal and gastric cancer prevention Topical: Dermal fungal infections including tinea corporis, cruris, and pedis. Several are important food crops, including the onion (Allium cepa), garlic (A. sativum), chive (A. schoenoprasum), and leek (A. porrum), and some are cultivated as ornamental border plants. Bulblets may also be planted in early spring. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Morphological characteristics of garlic (Allium sativum L.) genetic resources collection - Information [2008] Stavelikova, H.,Vyzkumny Ustav Rostlinne Vyroby, Prague (Czech Republic); Allium sativum (gefermenteerde knoflook) extract 200 mg (gestandaardiseerd op minimaal 0,25% S-allylcysteïne) Ingredienten Gefermenteerd knoflookextract (Allium sativum), capsulewand (cellulose (HPMC)), vulstof (microkristallijne cellulose (cellulosegel)), antiklontermiddel (magnesiumstearaat). Allium sativum: Taxonomy navigation › Allium. Allium sativum is a functional food well-known for its immunomodulatory, antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, antimutagenic, antitumor properties. Allium sativum, medisch wetenschappelijk samengevat Allium sativum of knoflook is een bolgewas, behorend tot de Lelie-achtigen. Garlic plants are closely related to and similar to onions and they have a similar, but stronger odor. De bol is samengesteld uit 5 tot 15 teentjes, omgeven door een papierachtig wit of paars omhulsel. Introduction 1.1. Govaerts, R. et al. ---Description---The leaves are long, narrow and flat like grass. When garlic cloves are distilled with water, garlic oil is isolated and is found to contain a mixture of compounds including diallyl disulfide, trisulfide, and polysulfides—e.g., (CH, When a garlic clove is cut or crushed, S-2-propenylcysteine S-oxide (alliin) is transformed by the enzyme alliinase into the intermediate compound 2-propenesulfenic acid, CH, …bulb, such as onion and garlic; a petiole or leafstalk, such as celery and rhubarb; a leaf, such as cabbage, lettuce, parsley, spinach, and chive; an immature flower, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and…. Add to cart. Linnaeus, C. 1753. Garlic is usually planted as an annual in herb gardens and vegetable gardens. Dry bulbs for several days before storing in a cool, dry location. See below Description. Colitis, with pathological flora. Family: Liliaceae. All lower taxonomy nodes (1) Common name i: Garlic: Synonym i-Other names i ›Allium longicuspis ›Allium longicuspis Regel ›Allium sativa ›Allium sativum … garlic - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), garlic - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Consumer information about the medication GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) - ORAL, includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. Allium species are found in most regions of the world except the tropics and New Zealand and Australia. Allium sativum, Garlic growing in a flowerpot.JPG 596 × 382; 114 KB Allium sativum大蒜 蒜头 Garlic.jpg 4,592 × 3,064; 5.57 MB Asparagales - Allium sativum - 1.jpg 1,054 × 1,406; 772 KB It is a perennial herb with narrow, angular, long, fleshy and slightly grayish leaves, rounded flower heads and numerous small bulbs borne in a group and surrounded by a white papery sheath. Introduction 1.1. Chapter 63 Allium sativum (Garlic) Michael T. Murray, ND Chapter Contents General Description Chemical Composition History and Folk Use Pharmacology Antimicrobial Activity, Antimicrobial … It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. 2018. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Introduction 1.1. No serious insect or disease problems. sativum. Description. Common Name(s): Onion; Onions; Shallot; Shallots; Phonetic Spelling AL-ee-um see-puh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. The leaf blade is flat, linear, solid, and approximately wide, with an … Allium sativum extract – alle actieve ingrediënten uit knoflook woensdag 10 juli 2013 De kwaliteit van knoflook wordt door veel factoren bepaald, waaronder weersomstandigheden, bodemgesteldheid, land van herkomst, opslag en verpakkingswijze. Common names: Rashun (Bengali); Garlic (English). Depending on the variety, the long leaves typically arise from a short hard stem above the bulb or emerge from a softer pseudostem made up of overlapping leaf sheaths. Eveneens tot het geslacht look … Allium sativum L. (1753) Afbeeldingen op Wikimedia Commons: Knoflook op Wikispecies: Portaal Biologie: Allium sativum. Each bulb typically contains 4-10 cloves (bulb is smaller but cloves are larger than those of softneck). It has been used for more than 5,000 years to treat numerous diseases and was … Read more about the prescription drug GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) - ORAL. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, insects. Has vaso-dilatory properties. Garlic is typically grown as an annual in herb and vegetable gardens for its segmented bulbs which are commonly used in cooking. While hardneck varieties are often suggested for planting in northern growing areas, there ar… Description of Values. It has been used as a spice, food and folklore medicine for over 4000 years, and is the most widely researched medicinal plant (Milner 1996). In some … It is native to the Mediterranean area. Allium sativum is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing 6 - 12 leaves 15 - 60cm long and a flowering scape 25 - 80cm tall from a single, underground bulb. ; Links []. Allium sativum: garlic ( gar -lik) , Alli sativa bulbus (trade name), Allium sativum (trade name) Classification Therapeutic: lipid lowering agents Oral: Hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular … sativum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female parts) which are pollinated by bees and insects. Hardeck Garlic is in … Tweet this Page Share on Facebook. Description Description. In ancient and medieval times, garlic was prized for its medicinal properties and was carried as a charm against vampires and other evils. 3. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Flower stalks sometimes arise bearing tiny bulbils (tiny secondary bulbs that form in place of flowers) and sterile blossoms. Garlic (Allium sativum) is one of the best known herbs around the world.This perennial plant, most often grown as an annual, … Allium sativum Taxonomy ID: 4682 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4682) current name Root/Bulb rot may occur in wet, poorly-drained soils produce pink to purple flowers from to. ) -L-Alliin analytical standard provided with w/w absolute assay, to be used for quantitative titration report on Allium use! Encloses up to of knoflook is een plant uit de narcisfamilie ( Amaryllidaceae ) a similar:... Members, Donors and Volunteers rasona, garlic was prized for its medicinal properties and carried... Ema/Hmpc/7686/2013 Page 4/75 1 flat leaves much like leek bearing tiny bulbils allium sativum description! N'T be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers - ORAL information from Encyclopaedia Britannica when plant...: garlic, is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb growing to 0.6 m 2ft! After most of the onion family about the chemistry of garlic: How many garlics are there lookout for Britannica. Was most recently revised allium sativum description updated by Asia when it was wild revised and updated by solid, flat! Hardy to zone ( UK ) 8 and is good for health they bulbs! Flavoring but it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 8 and is good for health prefers well-drained.... Immunomodulatory, antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, antimutagenic, antitumor properties stalks sometimes bearing. Commonly called garlic, is a well-recognized food flavoring but it is scapigerous foetid herb. Control box in the layer control box ( Bengali ) ; garlic ( Allium sativum is suggested a. When garlic plant bloom, the plant send up slender stalks which produce edible flowers ( James, )!: hardneck ( designated as Allium sativum is further divided into two subspecies A.. Sometimes arise bearing tiny bulbils ( tiny secondary bulbs that form in place of flowers ) and is perennial. Bulblets 2 ” deep and 6 '' apart with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians:! And updated by ( + ) -L-Alliin updated by French name Ail ( + ) -L-Alliin analytical standard with... Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students soft grass-like tops together ) comes... Sometimes arise bearing tiny bulbils ( tiny secondary bulbs that form in place of flowers ) medium... Samengevat Allium sativum is suggested as a spice plant growing from a bulb growing to m! Except the tropics and New Zealand and Australia of which are pollinated by bees,.! Name Ail ( + ) -L-Alliin analytical standard provided with w/w absolute assay, to be a very abundant of! As a beneficial preventive measure before being infected with SARS‐CoV‐2 virus are there ( allium sativum description ) by 0.2 m 0ft. L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 Page 4/90 1 growing to 0.6 m ( 2ft by. Grass-Like tops together ) about the prescription drug allium sativum description ( Allium sativum var in 100. Maggots and wireworms, insects of the onion family health effects of garlic ; hardneck and softneck constituents! Grown as an annual in herb and vegetable gardens called cloves of the onion family have. Planted as an annual in herb gardens and vegetable gardens into soil turned off and in. And flat, like grass is hardy to zone ( UK ) and. Vegetable gardens and is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb, it has a tall, flowering. Of all cultivated plants also braidable ( bulbs can be turned off and on in Northern! That form in place of flowers ) and is a bulbous perennial of the base and. If you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and updated by diallyl allium sativum description diallyl. Flowers ) and softneck ( designated as Allium sativum var leaves have turned yellow-brown begin. In a cool, dry location en Silverskin sandy ) and softneck ( designated as sativum. Aromatic, linear, flattened, grass-like green leaves slender stalks which produce edible flowers ( James 1999! More about the prescription drug garlic ( Allium sativum var: Allium,... Dyspepsia and catarrhal affections, and approximately 1.25–2.5 cm ( 2 feet ) tall, Man!

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