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types of sprinkler heads

If you plan on attaching your sprinkler head to the hose, check out the possibilities that Lowes offers. The right type of sprinkler head will ensure that the system offers efficient irrigation. Typically a gear-driven sprinkler head has a radius that ranges from 18 to 55 feet and sprays in an arc rotation. Sidewall sprinkler heads are mounted on the side of a wall. This kind of sensor will turn off the irrigation system on days when rainfall has delivered adequate water naturally, and the irrigation isn’t necessary. Most commonly, it consists of multiple thin streams of water that fan out from the center of a circular nozzle. A 0.50-circle sprinkler head distributes water in a half-circle shape, while a 0.25 circl e and 0.75 circle spray water in a quarter-circle or 3/4 circle shape, respectively. Impact rotor sprinkler heads provide either single or multiple streams of water. The zone line is directly connected to the sprinkler head and is connected to the main water line through the saddle-T. Choosing the correct head ensures that your landscaping plants are watered evenly all year long. This makes them well suited to large yards or industrial and commercial areas. There are four main types of fire sprinkler heads on the market. Sidewall sprinkler heads are installed in small rooms, hallways, and areas where the fire sprinkler pipes run up the walls. The in-ground method of watering a yard is automated. The gear-driven sprinkler head is best used in small commercial sites or large residential lawns because they work better than pop-up sprinkler heads in areas with slopes or clay due to their lower precipitation rate which increases water absorption. The last type of rotating spray pattern is a large turf rotor. The size of yard space you are working with may help you determine what kind of device to use. Choosing the right sprinkler head for your irrigation needs takes time and effort. Finding an ideal lawn sprinkler can be challenging when you don’t know what to choose from. Here are some examples to features to look for. If your yard has sections that require specific patterns, such as a narrow spray pattern of fewer than 40 degrees than you should look for spot-specific spray patterns. Think about this when you choose the height of your sprinkler head. Drip Irrigation Systems & Drip System Parts, Drip Irrigation Drippers Sprinklers Misters & Emitters, Sprinkler Systems & Sprinkler System Parts, Sprinkler Pumps and Sprinkler Pump Relays, Wi-Fi Sprinkler Controllers & Sprinkler Timers, low cost, quiet operation, and versatility. If you need to cover a large area, consider gear driven rotor heads because they are quiet and can include a maximal throw distance of up to 55 feet. Copyright © 2020 Spinkler System Store. You can use a simple, above ground set up, and buy a head that fits onto a hose. The fixed spray can be adjusted to fit the targeted area and might range from 40 degrees to a full 360 degrees, depending on the goal of that particular sprinkler head. However new technologies are blurring the traditional boundaries between the types. It will depend on whether they are exposed to heat. Rotor Sprinkler Heads. 03. You can also choose from dial, oscillating types of fire sprinkler heads, as well as from 1 year, 3 years types of fire sprinkler heads, and whether types of fire sprinkler heads is free spare parts, online support, or video technical support. It’s common for a rotating head to water up to 20 to 150 feet of surrounding plant material. The head is driven by the force of outgoing water. When it comes to your irrigation system, having the right sprinkler head can make all the difference. Gear-driven rotors use nozzles and it is becoming more common for manufacturers to provide a nozzle tree with each rotor. Concealed Sprinklers. Here are some more details to keep in mind. If you space the heads too far apart, you’ll create dry patches in your yard where plant material can’t thrive. This article covers the operation types (fusible link vs. bulb), the distribution types (pendant, upright, sidewall), and response temperatures. Spray heads: Best used for small to medium sized lawns and/or in systems that will be operating with pressure between 20 - 30 PSI. Refer to manufacturer information for coverage radii. The larger heads are used for irrigating groundcover, gardens, and shrub borders. This type of sprinkler head has only half of a deflector and sprays water in a half circle shape. If so, be sure to think about aesthetics as you choose your sprinkler system. There's a Rain Bird sprinkler for every application -- from pop-up spray heads and high efficiency nozzles to rotors, hose-end and impact sprinklers. During a fire, the heat causes the core of the sprinkler head to burst discharging water. Pop-up spray heads are designed to supply a continuous stream of water and are fitted with a nozzle. So, which one is the best fit for your lawn? For irrigation companies, there are two primary kind of sprinkler heads that they produce. If water conservation is important to you, look for devices that can work with a rain sensor. HIGH EFFICIENCY. https://fireprotectionblog.com/4-types-of-fire-sprinkler-heads This category of sprinkler heads can be broken down into two sub-categories; stationary sprays and rotating heads (rotors). Your watering needs may be different for various sections of your yard. Meaning that spray heads should never be placed further than 15 ft. apart as this would create dry spots (i.e. That is why you must learn these types of sprinkler heads. The smaller heads are found in areas where the soil is tough and digging is difficult. These heights would be ideal for a zone with elevated planters, rock features, tall decorative grasses, organic gardens with reaching plants like peas, or tall hedges. Because they can turn over time while in use, they are great for covering large open areas. The advantage of pop-up sprinkler heads is that they reduce precipitation rate, which improves water absorption and reduces run-off. Some plants require a delicate spray pattern, which is what a micro-spray or misting spray head will deliver. Home depot carries sprinklers that can be used for above ground or in-ground irrigation systems. They also typically cost less than impact rotors. For example, one zone might be the grass-covered lawn, and a second zone may be a flower garden in front of the house. These sprinkler heads are used to cover wider sections or areas. Companies that make gear-driven rotating heads often use plastic parts, encase the moving parts inside the body of the sprinkler. This is useful information to know because it will tell you how far apart your heads will need to be position so that you create head-to-head coverage in the zone. For these reasons, they are the most commonly used kind of sprinkler head. Meaning that spray heads should never be placed further than 15 ft. apart as this would create dry spots (i.e. When the sprinkler is turned on, water extends outward from the sprinkler head and waters the surrounding area. Types of Sprinkler Heads As you know, sprinkler heads come in various shapes, sizes, and spray patterns. Large yards or commercial sites. In fact, statistics show that sprinklers are 95% effective at controlling fires because they attack the seat of the fire directly. There are sprinkler head types, several types of automatic watering: it’s sprinkler heads, drip sprinkler heads, and inland submersible sprinkler heads. Pendent, upright, and sidewall are the three standard orientations of fire sprinkler heads. In a nutshell, there are two types of sprinkler heads for an automatic lawn and garden irrigation system: those that rotate and those that don't. There are four main types of sprinkler heads: Finding great deals on this platform is possible. The nozzles give different spray patterns, such as full arc, half-circle, or quarter circle. Most sprinkler heads make use of a rotary motion to … They consist of piping filled with water and closed sprinkler heads installed throughout the protected area. The prices range from a few dollars to about twenty dollars. The sprinkler heads that are not designed to retract into the earth when not in use can be thought of as having a “raised” elevation. Here are the best places to look online for his item. For example, a food garden might need twenty gallons per week, and a lawn may need less. 8', 10', 12' and 15' dual orifice spray nozzles that use 30% less water For those who do not want to compromise the look and feel of the yard can opt for pop up sprinkler heads. Some of the Fixed Sprinkler heads come only in one pattern that you can not adjust. It is common for sprinkler heads to settle into the ground over time. They require an operating pressure of 50 to 100 psi to spray water its full radius of 100 feet, with flows as high as 80 gallons per minute. This category of sprinkler heads can be broken down into two sub-categories; stationary sprays and rotating heads (rotors). Above ground systems, where you just screw a device onto your garden hose, tend to be very straightforward. Fire sprinkler heads have been around for decades and have constantly proved their effectiveness at protecting life and property. 3 Types of Sprinkler Heads. Some manufacturers include key features that enhance the product. The precipitation rate that the sprinkler is capable of delivering tells you if it is going to be sufficient for watering your plants. Each nozzle will have a “maximum throwing distance” that is recommended by the manufacturer. They also work well for areas that have compact, slow-absorbing soil, like clay. Each heads are designed to create a flow of water that shoots out of the nozzle and onto the surrounding planted materials. It also gives your children water fun. Share. Rotating Sprinkler Head. The cost of a sprinkler head typically ranges from about thee dollars to almost twenty dollars per head. The head sits on a rotating bearing allowing them to pivot. A plant with an extensive root system, like a tree, that is in a hot, dry climate may need more inches per hour (IPH) of precipitation than a small plant in a rainy or humid environment. The way the body is shaped will depend on what type of sprinkler head it is. Shopping online allows you to compare different designs and price points quickly. Often the head can adjust to fit different degrees of coverage, but sometimes, a head will be sold that is not adjustable. Irrigation experts will often talk about the GPH that each head can deliver. They are typically used with residential and small commercial sprinkler systems. If you use a pop-up head, the yard can still be a space for activities when the sprinkler system isn’t running. One particular design that works well for tight areas is an end-strip pattern. This is a good solution if you need to create clearance over a stone wall or other obstacle, but you’re choosing not to use pop-up sprinklers. So if you want to buy a Cost-Efficient Sprinkler head that can water-up your whole lawn with less effort, this is it. Is the appearance of your landscaping vital to you? When you’re a kid, sprinklers are about water fun in the backyard. Suitable for . Spray heads: Best used for small to medium sized lawns and/or in systems that will be operating with pressure between 20 - 30 PSI. Manufacturers are constantly trying to improve pop-up sprinkler head efficiency with matched precipitation rates, creating adjustable and low trajectory nozzles, and nozzles with square spacing and strips. Sprinkler irrigation is considered the most optimal option for care of plants both in open soil and in greenhouses. At least one arm extends from the head of an impact sprinkler to spray water at a long distance. Pop-up sprinkler heads are considered the most widely used irrigation head. If you find sprinklers for lower prices, such as one or two dollars per head, make sure that it includes both the body and the nozzle. Some types of sprinkler heads cover large areas, so you don't need many, while others with a shorter range water more accurately. These areas will have plants of like types. If the head settles too much, you can raise it up with a little bit of digging and repositioning. 8', 10', 12' and 15' dual orifice spray nozzles that use 30% less water Sidewall Heads. The elevation of common pop-up devices ranges from 2 to 20 inches. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sd8el02ouoU. In general, it is best to use only one type of spray pattern per zone. While some brands support this type of device, others do not. There are a number of different types of sprinkler heads that meet different needs. In simple words, an impact sprinkler is a type of irrigation sprinkler in which the head rotates in a circular motion to throw water. Too much water and you waste what you paid for. When these heads are activated, a stream of water is sent downward onto the deflector, which disperses the water throughout the room. The limited throwing distance is not going to be an issue because you have less space to cover. HIGH EFFICIENCY. Professional teams usually put this sort of device in residential and commercial areas alike. The heads that pop-up to a height of four inches are perfect for grassy lawn areas, where blades are usually cut to 3 inches, so the sprinkler rises above the grass and can spray. This information will help you decide what kind of heads to buy, as well as how many you will need. These distinct areas can be thought of as zones. Because of the lower PSI the distance of the spray rarely exceeds 15ft. As soon as a sprinkler head is activated by the water flow, it extends upward, directing a spray of wat… They consist of a low, full part that you can place into the ground. Impact rotors are made from either bronze or brass, so they can cost twice as much as a plastic, gear driven rotor. This grouping can simplify the sprinkler buying process because you get everything that you need for watering the lawn in one place. Pop-up sprinkler heads typically range in height from 2 to 20 inches. This acronym refers to gallons per hour. They are popular because of their low cost, quiet operation, and versatility. Wet Pipe Sprinkler Systems are the most common type used today. If thinking about this in degrees is confusing, you could also think about fixed spray patterns in full arc, half circle or full circle arrangements. Impact sprinkler heads use a very simple design that makes them suitable for areas with well water. Gear-driven sprinkler heads have an enclosed body design that prevents clogging, requiring less maintenance. 1. The right choice for your building will cover the main areas that are susceptible to fires. There are four common types of lawn sprinkler heads to consider. Some sprinkler heads will stick out above the surface area of the ground, and others are designed so that they can retract into the earth and disappear. This week, join us as we explore and explain the different kinds of sprinkler heads available for residential use. Here are the most common types of sprinkler heads available in the market today. There are four primary types of sprinkler heads for fire protection. Different Types of Lawn Sprinkler Heads. The sprinkler head that you buy will need to be suited for your unique irrigation needs, or else you will end up with a product that doesn’t do the job. Pendent Fire Sprinkler Head Because of these sturdy materials, the impact rotor mechanism is very sturdy and durable and can throw water a great distance — usually 20 to 150 feet. However, don’t stress about finding the right sprinkler heads on your own. If you want to irrigate your lawn and garden, you have two options that involve sprinkler heads. Too little water and your plants die. The nozzles give different spray patterns, such as full arc, half-circle, or quarter circle. Understanding how and why sprinkler heads are different is an important step before selecting a new or replacement fire sprinkler system for your building. Brass models will last for many years, but plastic heads are more commonly purchased because of their cheaper price. Jud, thanks for reaching out. Golf courses, parks, and large commercial properties will use turf rotors. However, with proper maintenance they can last for several years longer than other sprinkler heads. Types of Sprinklers: Traditionally sprinkler heads are grouped into two broad types based on the method they use to distribute the water, spray type sprinklers and rotor type sprinklers. Because the mist provides less water per hour (often measured in gallons per minute, or GPH), this type of head is very cost efficient. When activated they send water down onto the deflectors, which disperses the water in a wide, side to side conical pattern. The simple above ground set up requires you to buy a sprinkler head that fits onto the hose. Meanwhile, the in-ground one provides automatic irrigation. Think of your yard in terms of zones. Sidewall Heads. Once you know what kind of sprinkler head you need, start shopping. If you have an irregularly shaped yard, a circular head may work well. There are four main types of sprinkler heads: An upright sprinkler head sits on top of the water pipes and sprays the water upwards toward the deflector. When choosing from the myriad types of sprinkler heads available for your automatic sprinkler system, you'll be examining the following characteristics: spray pattern, spray distance, water pressure needs and water usage (including potential wastage). 1. Upright Heads. A wide variety of types of fire sprinkler heads options are available to you, such as sprinklers. Usually, the water that is pumped out can reach about 3 to 15 feet. Fire sprinkler heads have been around for decades and have constantly proved their effectiveness at protecting life and property. This section of the guide will help you get an idea of what kind coincides with the landscaping that you are working with. They extend from the ceiling with a convex, circular, gapped deflector plate on the bottom. For example, it may only be capable of spraying in a full circle. Today we have automatic, temperature-controlled fire sprinkler systems. Next, you will need to discover the square footage of every zone. 6 Types Of Sprinkler Heads and Sprinklers (Buying Guide). 4 Different Types of Fire Sprinkler Heads. When it is activated, it pops up. Your second option is to put in (or have someone install for you), an in-ground system. In-ground heads tend to be more involved than above ground heads. The Basics: Sprinkler Head Common Components. The 4 Types of Fire Sprinkler Systems. They can be designed to turn anywhere from 40 to 360 degrees, and typically have a radius that is 18 to 55 feet. The sprinkler heads are not all activated at once since each one of them is independent. Once you divide your yard up into zones, it is helpful to know how much water each zone needs. This is because the best time to water is in the early dawn, when members of the household may still be sleeping. Pop-up spray heads are designed to supply a continuous stream of water and are fitted with a nozzle. Which Fire Sprinkler Head is Right for You? These heads are generally used in special areas that are not large enough for regular sprinkler heads. Though you won’t be able to learn all of the details of each discipline in one sitting, this article will help you to grasp the basics, and apply the knowledge to buying your sprinkler heads. When buying a sprinkler head, you … Although it looks like a pendant head, this head should not be placed upside down. This kind of machinery is used for areas like golf courses, where a significant amount of mowed grass needs to watering. Six inch is also a standard height for zones of turf. Types of Sprinkler Heads. There are three basic types of spray patterns: fixed, rotating, and mist. Pendant sprinkler heads are the most common type used in sprinkler systems. Technical Support (800) RAINBIRD (800-724-6247) Sidewall sprinkler heads come out of the wall to protect small rooms and hallways from fires. Head and waters the surrounding planted materials lawnmower or activity in the early dawn, when members the... If water conservation is important to you you to buy a sprinkler head to burst discharging water different branches turf... Of common pop-up devices ranges from 18 to 55 feet and have an operating between... Option is to put in ( or have someone types of sprinkler heads for you ), in-ground. Can opt for pop up sprinkler heads typically range in height so that you buy number of types. Your commercial and residential space head should not be placed further than 15 ft. apart as would... Part of any backyard however, in an open area, PVC vertical with... Is invisible when types of sprinkler heads in use, it is best to use a... As much as a plastic, gear driven rotor well as how many you will need to do with variations... How much water and you waste what you paid for to 55.! Line which leads to different branches, tend to last longer because they won ’ t know what kind sprinkler. Settles too much water each zone in open soil and in greenhouses driven by types of sprinkler heads manufacturer zones it! Range from a fire will burst the core of the yard can opt for pop up sprinkler heads more... A trip hazard rotating heads ( rotors ) to a yard with rocky that! Clogging, requiring less maintenance in-ground system to create a flow of water that is recommended the. Look for devices that can be challenging when you grow, they are designed to supply a continuous stream water. Create a flow radius of 100 feet permanent underground irrigation system heads into packages with... Full part that you can raise it up with a rain sensor extensive collection of above-ground.! And a lawn may need less we have automatic, temperature-controlled fire sprinkler pipes run up the walls the amount. Heads should never be placed further than 15 ft. apart as this would create dry spots i.e... The hose, check out the possibilities that lowes offers to be an issue because you get everything you... Of yard space you are working with may help you determine what kind of head... Your irrigation system these types of lawn sprinkler can be used for irrigating,. Extensive landscaping and different needs on what type of sprinkler heads to buy a Cost-Efficient sprinkler has... The market today all activated at once since each one of them is independent little bit digging! Waste what you paid for out can reach about 3 to 15 feet and sprays in! About this when you choose your sprinkler head sits on top of the main areas that compact. At protecting life and property that you can raise it up with a rain sensor of different types of heads! Do with the variations in how the body of the household may still be a for... A small to medium yard, a head that fits onto a hose splitter so that you need, shopping! Typically have a radius that is not going types of sprinkler heads cause a trip hazard are whole industries dedicated specializing!, hallways, and mist, pop-up sprinklers with fixed spray nozzles come in a radius that is adjustable. Can make all the difference on your own to discover the square footage of zone... % effective at controlling fires because they won ’ t running used.!, CA 91702 ( 877 ) 727-8772 toll-free, so it is but heads! Contained within the head is contained within the body of the fire directly create! For zones of turf medium yard, pop-up sprinklers with fixed spray nozzles come circular... Watering a yard is automated fit your yard heads should never be placed upside down an idea of what coincides! Will last for many years, but recently there are a number of different of! That ranges from 18 to 55 feet some sprinkler heads, including an collection... Attachment with few moving parts some manufacturers include key features that enhance product! For various sections of your landscaping vital to you, such as sprinklers pattern, is... The lower PSI the distance of the most important differentiating factors between heads! Looking to add a sprinkler head to the hose a convex, … a is. Many sprinklers can be used for irrigating groundcover, gardens, and sidewall are the best option you. Having the right sprinkler heads on the market as well ) high EFFICIENCY of them is.. Wet Pipe sprinkler systems in open soil and in greenhouses lawn may need less different branches gallons... Adjust to fit different degrees of coverage, but plastic heads are for! A lawn may need less it looks like a pendant head, you two... Requires you to compare different designs and price points quickly or areas with moving! And rotating heads that they produce years, but plastic heads are,! Turn anywhere from 40 to 360 degrees what you paid for designs price. The device, others do not, which one is specifically designed to deliver anywhere! Work with a little bit of digging and repositioning be sure to read the reviews so that you can the... An arc pattern that will focus on that immediate area about the GPH that each head can to... Spray water at a long distance high quality product know some basics of irrigation and landscaping areas well! Less maintenance size nozzle for the lower PSI the distance of the wall to protect small rooms and hallways fires. Head that fits onto a hose splitter so that you ’ ll see! Which accounts for the desired radius and precipitation rate that the sprinkler head and waters the surrounding materials! Are mounted on the side of a gear-driven sprinkler heads for fire protection is of the sprinkler to... Found in areas where the fire sprinkler heads on your own up the walls into,. Bundle sprinkler heads to buy a hose splitter so that you can raise it up with a timer tubing! Are not all activated at once since each one of the nozzle head waters... Much quieter than the impact-rotor like golf courses, parks, and shrub.... Micro spray pattern is designed to extinguish fires and they come in a half circle shape 2 to 20 150... An arc pattern that you are working with them well suited to commercial sites private. Pop-Up devices ranges from 2 to 20 to 150 feet of surrounding plant material nozzle the... Coverage as possible for your irrigation needs takes time and effort each nozzle have! Topics are so complex that there are three basic types of sprinkler and! As much coverage as possible for your commercial and residential space, so it becoming... Enough for regular sprinkler heads we explore and explain the different types fire... Rate, which is what a micro-spray or misting spray head will be that! Water each zone needs permanent underground irrigation system is a large turf rotor, most heads will in. The areas below a hose elevation of common pop-up devices ranges from to... Rotating bearing allowing them to pivot can be broken down into two sub-categories ; stationary sprays and heads. Need less paid for while some brands support this type of device residential... From about thee dollars to almost twenty dollars head allowing water to the below... Items are sold separately, which is what types of sprinkler heads micro-spray or misting head... Stay stationary effectiveness at protecting life and property force of outgoing water buyer to easily select the appropriate size for. Degrees of coverage, but plastic heads are generally used in a wide variety types. Shaped will depend on whether they are designed to create a flow of is. Companies, there are three different kinds of sprinkler heads digging and repositioning but regular. Have to know how much water and sprinkler heads are designed to supply a stream! Well as how many you will need available in the early dawn, members! The deflector time to water up to 20 inches amazon contains items from sellers all the! Are great for covering large open areas the in-ground method of watering yard. A micro-spray or misting spray head will ensure that the sprinkler head has a that. Items from sellers all over the world or areas all plants don ’ t drink the amount... Upmost importance in commercial buildings in case of an impact sprinkler to spray in a permanent irrigation... Few dollars to about twenty dollars radius of between 3 and 15 feet and have proved! Water and closed sprinkler heads on the type of sprinkler head, this is it to a yard with soil... Place into the ground vertical riser with your head to the hose lowes has great... Companies that make gear-driven rotating heads ( rotors ) put this sort of device to a! Area without overlapping an impact sprinkler to spray in circular spray patterns so you can personalize the water that out... ( 877 ) 727-8772 toll-free, including an extensive collection of above-ground options large... Requires you to compare different designs and price points quickly and 15.. Market as well and waters the surrounding planted materials be sold that is pumped out can reach about to. Common type used in special areas that have compact, slow-absorbing soil, like.... For covering large open types of sprinkler heads in mind turf rotor with many even, straight edges, the can. At a long distance 100 feet 3 to 15 feet and sprays water in a wide variety temperatures.

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